Stowage factor of various types of cargo

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Stowage factor     

The stowage factor of a cargo is the ratio of weight to stowage space required under normal conditions. It indicates how many cubic meters one metric ton of a particular type of cargo occupies in a hold, taking account of unavoidable stowage losses in the means of transport.

The stowage factor of a cargo may vary, since it depends on the packaging and  the nature  of the cargo.Where bale goods are concerned, an important parameter is whether they are transported compressed or uncompressed,

Other goods have stowage factors which vary depending on the degree to which they have been processed.

Below are the stowage factor for various commodities

For General Cargo

Commodity

Packing

Stowage Factor

Acetate – Butyl Ethyl

Drums

1.84

Acetone

Drums

1.784/1.925

Acid – Citric

Cases

1.331

Alcohol – Ethyl

Drums

1.982

Alcohol – Rectified

Drums

1.84

Aloes

Cases

1.109

Aluminium Ingots

Bundled

0.821

Aluminium Foil

Cases

3.508

Aluminium Rods

Loose Coils

0.679/0.849

Andalusite

Bags

0.649

Antimony

Pallets

0.736

Arsenic

Drums

0.736

Arsenite (sodium)

Drums

1.132

Asbestos

Bags (Mozambique)

2.83/3.964

Asbestos

Bags (South Africa)

2.435/2.584

Asbestos (Pressure Packed)

Bags

2.26

Asphalt

Drums

1.331

Barley

Bags

1.699/1.840

Batteries (lead/acid)

Crates

1.132

Beans (canned)

Cartons

1.416/1.557

Beans (soya)

Bags

1.585

Beer

Cases

1.869

Beer

Cartons

1.699

Beeswax

Bags

1.84

Billets (steel)

Pcs

0.283

Bituminous solution

Drums

1.699

Bones

Bags

2.832

Bottles

Bags

2.492

Bottles (Coke or Pepsi)

Bags

1.982

Bran

Bags

2.832/3.394

Brandy

Casks

2.124

Brandy

Cases

1.385

Bricks

Cases

0.849/0.991

Bricks (fire)

Loose

0.736

Briquettes (Charcoa)

Bags

0.991/1.132

Buchu (herb)

Bales

7.646

Buckwheat

Bags

1.557/1.840

Calcium carbide

Drums

1.146/1.699

Canned goods

Cartons

1.132/1.146

Candles

Cartons

2.265

Carbon Black

Cartons

4.163

Casks (empty)

Loose

2.69

Cassava Root

Bags

2.69

Cattle Feed

Bags

2.067

Caustic Soda

Drums

0.708

Cereals

Cartons

6.796

Cement

Bags

0.651

Cement

Marino Slings

0.793

Chain

Drums

0.679

Charcoal

Bags

5.664

Chicory

Bags

1.699

Chrome Ore

Bags

0.339/0.424

Cigarettes

Cartons

3.794

Clay

Bags

0.849/1.416

Cloves

Bags

3.398

Coal Tar

Drums

1.614

Cobalt

Drums

0.566

Coffee

Bags

2.832

Confectionery

Cartons

2.378

Copper

Blister

0.509

Copper

Ingots

0.509

Copper

Cathodes

0.339

Copper

Ingots bundled

0.254

Copper

Billets

0.141

Copper Concentrates

Bulk

0.509

Copra

Bags

2.265/2.548

Corks (crown)

Cartons

2.265

Corn flour

Bags

1.585

Corundum Ore

Bags

1.132

Cotton Seed

Bags

2.407/3.115

Cotton Seed Oil cake

Bags

2.124/2.265

Cotton Lint

Bales

3.568

Cotton

Pressed Bales

2.407

Crayfish (Atlantic Spiny Lobster)

Cartons

1.557

Creosote

Drums

1.416

Curry Powder

Cartons

2.039

Custard Powder

Cartons

1.982

Drums 55 gal empty

Loose

2.832/11.328

Dynamite

Cases

2.548

E.C. Feed (Cattle Feed)

Bags

1.557/1.982

Electrolytic Manganese

Drums

0.509

Essences

Cartons

1.246

Eucalyptus Logs

Loose

1.557

Eucalypts Oil

Drums

1.416

Encrypted Ore

Drums

0.708

Ferrochrome

Drums

0.396

Ferromanganese

Drums

0.679

Ferrosilicon

Drums

0.849

Fiber Board

Sheets

1.146

Filters (oil)

Cartons

5.125

Fish (canned)

Cartons

1.557

Fish meal

Bags

1.699/1.840

Fish Oil

Drums

1.699

Flour (maize)

Bags

1.642

Flouspar

Bags

0.849

Fondant (cement)

Cases

1.217

Fruit (canned)

Cartons

1.132

Fruit (dried)

Cartons

1.359/1.557

Fruit Juice (canned)

Cartons

1.557

Garlic

Cartons

1.614

Glass

Crates

1.274/1.982

Glucose

Drums

1.217

Granite (slabs)

Loose

1.133

Granite (blocks)

Loose

0.293/0.424

Graphite

Bags

1.501

Grits

Bags

1.557

Groundnut (peanuts)

Bags

2.124

Groundnut Oil cake

Bags

1.982/2.124

Groundnut Oil

Drums

1.699/1.755

Guano

Bags

1.982/1.699

Hardboard

Skids

1.840/2.888

Hides (dry)

Bales

4.248/4.531

Hides (wet)

Bundles

1.274/1.416

Horns

Bags

2.265

Ilmenite

Bags

0.623

Ivory

Bags

1.699

Jam/Jelly (canned)

cartons

1.727

Jam/Jelly (bottled)

Cartons

1.217

Jute

Bags

1.642

Kerosene

Cases

1.614

Lard

Cartons

1.416

Lead

Ingots

0.283

Leather

Bales

2.832

Lepidolite

Pallets

0.991/1.132

Maize

Bags

1.699

Manganese (Ferro)

Drums

0.509

Meat (canned)

Cartons

1.557

Methylated Spirits

Drums

1.982

Mica

Bags

1.699

Microlite Ore

Bags

0.566

Milk Powder

Cartons

3.398

Mill balls

Drums

0.566

Millet

Bags

1.557

Mimosa bark

Bales

2.718

Mohair (greasy)

Bales

3.115

Mohair (scoured)

Bales

3.398

Monasite Oil

Drums

1.416

Nails

Bags

0.493

Nestum

Cartons

4.248

Nickel Concentrate

Bags

0.509

Oats

Bags

1.84

Oatmeal

Bags

2.548

Ochre

Bags

1.274

Onions

Bags

2.832

Paint

Drums

1.416

Palm Kernels

Bags

2.265

Parquet Flooring

Cartons

1.189

Peel (citrus)

Cases

1.699

Peanut Butter

Cartons

1.699

Peas (canned)

Cartons

1.472

Pet Food

Cartons

1.557

Pipe (Cast iron)

Loose

1.50`

Pipe (Steel) Depends on diam.

Loose

2.548

Ploughs (Disc)

Bundles

0.99/1.13

Plywood

Bundles

2.407

Poles (Telephone Creosoted)

Bundles

2.548/3.001

Potatoes

Bags

2.882

Potatoes

Crates

2.265

Pulp Board

Bundles

0.962/1.132

Rayon Pulp

Bales

2.124/2.265

Resin

Bags

1.784

Rice Bran

Bags

3.115

Rope (Sisal)

Coils

2.548

Rubber (Scrap)

Drums

2.86

Rubber (Solution)

Drums

1.95

Rum

Casks

1.699/2.265

Rutile

Bags

0.708

Rye

Bags

1.472

Salt (Coarse)

Bags

1.982

Salt (Fine)

Bags

1.274

Shark Fins

Bags

1.699/1.982

Sheepskins

Bales

3.115/3.964

Sisal

Bales

2.832

Sleepers (Wooden railway ties)

Loose

1.132

Soap

Cases

1.331

Soda Ash

Bags

1.132/1.274

Sugar

Bags

1.302

Syrup (cane)

Cartons

1.274

Tallow

Drums

1.642

Tea

Chests

1.832

Tin Plate

Stillages

0.424/0.509

tin Concentrates

Bags

0.39

Tinned Goods

Cartons

1.146/1.669

Tomatoes

Cartons

1.557

Post Toasties (Cornflakes)

Cartons

9.09

Tobacco

Bales

3.398

Tobacco

Cases

3.115/3.964

Tung Oil

Drums

1.699

Twine

Cartons

2.407/2.548

Tires

loose

3.551/4.531

Urea

Bags

1.557

Vaseline

Cartons

1.132

Vermiculite

Bags

1.274/1.699

Wattle Extract (Solid)

Bags

1.132/1.146

Wattle Extract (Powder)

Bags

1.146

Wattle Poles

Loose

2.549

Wattle Poles

Bundles

3.398

Wax

Bags

2.124

Weed killer

Drums

1.557

Whale Meal

Bags

2.266

Whale Oil

Drums

1.840/1.982

Wheat

Bags

1.41/1.669

Wine

Cases

1.982

Wine

Casks

1.982/2.265

Wine

Firkins

1.642/1.812

Wine

Hogsheads

1.982

Wine

Pipes

1.902

Wine

Cartons

1.84

Wire Netting (Chicken wire)

Rolls

1.699

Wire Rope

Coils

0.849

Wool (Grease)

Bales

6.258

Wool (Scoured)

Bales

6.23

Wool (Tops)

Bales

4.531

Wool (Mohair)

Bales

4.559

Zinc Dust

Drums

0.708

Zircon

Bags

0.708

 

For Bulk Cargo

Commodity

Packing

Stowage Factor

Bauxite

Bulk

0.85/0.93

Beans

Bulk

1.42/1.58

Bone Meal Calcinet

Bulk

3

Bran Rice India

Bulk

1.76/1.84

Buick Wheat

Bulk

1.53/1.60

China Clay

Bulk

1.3

Clay

Bulk

0.70/0.84

Coal/Anthracite Large

Bulk

1.27

Duff Dross

Bulk

1.2

Grains

Bulk

1.25

Peace

Bulk

1.28

Beans

Bulk

1.28

Small & large Nuts

Bulk

1.31

Cobbles

Bulk

1.39

Coal Australia

Bulk

1.22/1.33

Coal Japan

Bulk

1.27/1.33

Coal Poland

Bulk

1.36/1.44

Coal tar pitch USSR

Bulk

1.33/1.56

Coal USA

Bulk

1.30/1.42

Coal Welsh

Bulk

1.19/1.27

Cobalt

Bulk

0.57

Coconut

Bulk

3.96

Copper mate W.Afr.

Bulk

0.51

Cooper mate S. Afr.

Bulk

0.4

Cooper Concentrate aneway Bay

Bulk

0.56/0.63

Cooper Concentrate

Bulk

0.5

Copra Pellets

Bulk

1.78

Copra

Bulk

2.35/2.77

Copra chips

Bulk

1.58/1.70

Copra extract pellets

Bulk

1.58/1.70

Copra pellets (max 14% moisture)

Bulk

1.58/1.70

Corn USA

Bulk

1.39/1.70

Corn Gluten pellets USA

Bulk

1.53/1.73

Feldspar

Bulk

0.85

Ferro silic?n

Bulk

0.7

Ferro Cromo

Bulk

0.42

Manganeso

Bulk

0.70/0.84

Kuanite

Bulk

0.70/0.84

Kyanite

Bulk

0.80/0.84

Pytophilite

Bulk

0.84

Fish meal

Bulk

1.61/2.07

Fish Meal Anchovy

Bulk

1.52/1.61

Barley

Bulk

1.47/1.56

Barley C1

Bulk

1.48/1.51

Barley C2

Bulk

1.56/1.59

Barley C3

Bulk

1.67/1.70

Maize River Plate

Bulk

1.36/1.47

Maize east Africa

Bulk

1.42/1.47

Maize Congo

Bulk

1.56/1.58

Maize South Africa

Bulk

1.42/1.50

Maize Kibbled

Bulk

1.45/1.53

Maize WD1

Bulk

1.34

Maize WD”

Bulk

1.36

Maize YF1

Bulk

1.28

Oats

Bulk

1.87/1.89

Oat Clipped River Plate

Bulk

1.84/1.92

Oats Unclipped

Bulk

2.12/2.26

Oat Unclipped River Plate

Bulk

2.04/2.12

Oats Australia.

Bulk

1.98

Oats Calcutta

Bulk

1.98

Rye

Bulk

1.36/1.47

Wheat

Bulk

1.27/1.42

Wheat red Norfolk

Bulk

1.27

Wheat Red Baltimore

Bulk

1.27

Wheat winter N° 2 USA

Bulk

1.27

Wheat winter Vancouver

Bulk

1.25/1.39

Wheat Australia

Bulk

1.27/1.39

Wheat BL sea

Bulk

1.19/1.27

Graphite

Bulk

0.57/0.99

Gravel

Bulk

0.65

Groundnuts & Shelled

Bulk

2.97/3.11

Groundnuts expeller

Bulk

1.62/1.95

Groundnuts extraction

Bulk

1.47/1.56

Guano

Bulk

1.19/1.25

Horns

Bulk

2.69/2.83

Iron bar

Bulk

0.79

Iron ore Barahanda

Bulk

1.90/2.30

Iron ore Canada(titanium)

Bulk

0.74

Iron ore USSR-Poti

Bulk

0.74

Iron ore Mauritania

Bulk

0.82

Iron ore Sierra Leona

Bulk

0.74

Iron Ore Philippine Is.

Bulk

0.71

Kainit

Bulk

0.99/1.05

Kaolin (China Clay)

Bulk

1.13

Kapok India

Bulk

1.80/2.0

Linseed

Bulk

1.56/1.58

Locust beans

Bulk

2.38/2.55

Magnesite Fine

Bulk

0.45

Magnesite Coarse

Bulk

0.71/0.85

Magnesite Klinker

Bulk

1.7

Molasses

Bulk

0.79

Nitrate of soda

Bulk

0.74

Nitrate of Potash

Bulk

1.02

Palm Kernels

Bulk

1.64

Cottonseeds oil

Bulk

1.13

Soya bean oil

Bulk

1.1

Oil cake

Bulk

1.30/1.84

Antimony Australia

Bulk

0.57

Peanuts Unpeeled

Bulk

3.00/3.70

Phosphate N. Africa

Bulk

0.65/0.85

Pigiron

Bulk

0.28

Pitch

Bulk

1.36

Potatoes

Bulk

1.42/1.56

Potassium Nitrate

Bulk

1.02

Potassium sulfate

Bulk

1.26

Pyrite

Bulk

0.85/0.99

Rice Brand Pellets

Bulk

1.47/1.70

Salt

Bulk

0.99/1.13

Salt Petre

Bulk

1.02

Sand Vitreous

Bulk

0.65/0.71

Cottonseeds

Bulk

1.84

Linseeds River plate

Bulk

1.42/1.56

Linseeds

Bulk

1.56/1.58

Millet

Bulk

1.27/1.44

Sal extract pellets

Bulk

1.64/1.76

Sugar beet

Bulk

3.71

Sunflower Argentina

Bulk

2.12

Sunflower Odessa

Bulk

2.32/2.43

Sunflower USA

Bulk

2.32

Sorghum

Bulk

1.67

Soya beans USA

Bulk

1.37

Soya beans

Bulk

1.58/1.64

Soya Beans Rio Grande

Bulk

1.5

Sugar Cuba

Bulk

1.30/1.32

Sugar Raw Bolivia

Bulk

1.27/1.44

Sulphate of ammonia

Bulk

1.19/1.27

Sulfur

Bulk

1.08/1.13

Sunflower seeds

Bulk

1.81/1.95

Super Phosphate triple

Bulk

1.04/1.33

Super Phosphate Casablanca

Bulk

1.5

Super phosphate Triple Tampa

Bulk

1.05/1.22

Tapioca Pellets

Bulk

1.58/1.64

Tares

Bulk

1.36

Valonea

Bulk

2.55

Zinc concentrates

Bulk

0.43

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